ITR Service

Income Tax Return is a form through which taxpayers disclose their income and assets to the Income Tax Department of India. All taxpayers must file their ITR before the due date specified by the department each year. The tax paid by taxpayers depends on the category they fall under – based on their employment type, direct and passive income sources, investments.

Why income tax return filing is important?

Filing income tax returns is important in India for a number of reasons.

The primary purpose of income tax is to raise revenue for the government to fund its activities. By filing your tax return, you are fulfilling your legal obligation to pay taxes on your income.

To claim deductions and exemptions: Filing your tax return allows you to claim deductions and exemptions. This can reduce the amount of tax you owe.

There are a number of deductions and exemptions that you can claim on your income tax return. These can reduce the amount of tax you owe. Some common deductions and exemptions include:

  • Medical expenses
  • Education expenses
  • Donations to charity
  • Home loan interest
  • Life insurance premiums

If you have overpaid your taxes during the year, you can file a tax return to claim a refund. The amount of your refund will depend on how much you overpaid and the deductions and exemptions you claim.

To build your credit score: Filing your tax return on time and in full can help to improve your credit score. A good credit score can make it easier to get loans, credit cards, and other forms of credit in the future.

To get a job: Some employers require job applicants to provide proof of income tax filing. This is to ensure that the applicant is a responsible taxpayer and has a history of paying their taxes.

To get a visa: Some countries require visa applicants to provide proof of income tax filing. This is to ensure that the applicant has a stable source of income and is not likely to become a financial burden on the country.

Overall, filing income tax returns is an important part of being a responsible citizen and taxpayer in India. It has a number of benefits, both financial and non-financial.

If you are a resident of India and have earned income during the year, you are required to file an income tax return. The deadline for filing your tax return is usually the July 31. You can file your tax return online or by mail.

If you need help filing your tax return, you can hire a tax professional. Tax professionals can help you to determine if you are required to file a tax return, and they can help you to calculate your taxes and file your return.

What are the Types of ITR Forms?

There are seven different types of ITR forms available to Indian taxpayers. These forms cater to individual taxpayers and organisations. The type of ITR form you must use will depend on whether you are an individual taxpayer or an organisation, your total income, as well as the sources of your income. Here is a list of 7 types of ITR forms:

1. ITR-1 or Sahaj

Individuals who fall under the following categories, should opt for ITR-1 form (also known as Sahaj).

  • Salary and pension earners
  • Income earned from other sources (except winning a lottery or horse racing)
  • Agricultural income less than Rs. 5,000
  • Payments received for a single house property with certain exclusions

2. ITR-2

Individuals and Hindu United Families (HUF) who fall under the following categories, should opt for ITR-2 form.

  • Income exceeding Rs.50 Lakh
  • Income received through salary, pensions, capital gains and other sources
  • Income generated from foreign assets
  • Agricultural income exceeding Rs.5,000

3. ITR-3

Individuals and Hindu United Families who fall under the following categories, should opt for ITR-3 form.

  • Income from a business or profession
  • Income received from being a partner in a firm
  • Income received through salary, pension, capital gains and other sources
  • Investments in unlisted equity shares
  • Individual director in a company

4. ITR-4 or Sugam

Individuals, Hindu United Families, and firms with an income up to Rs.50 lakhs from businesses or a profession can opt for ITR 4 form. Moreover, those who have chosen the presumptive income scheme under Section 44AD, Section 44ADA and Section 44AE of the Income Tax Act are eligible to file their returns using the ITR 4 form.

5. ITR-5

The ITR-5 form is meant for firms, Body of Individuals, co-operative societies, Limited Liability Partnerships, Association of Persons, local authorities, Artificial Judicial Persons, estate of insolvent, estate of deceased, and business trusts (not individual citizens).

6. ITR-6

The ITR-6 form is to be filed electronically by companies, except for those that claim an exemption under Section 11, which is income from a religious or charitable property.

7. ITR-7

Companies filing their return under below sections of the Income Tax Act can use ITR-7:

Section 139(4A): Individuals holding a property for charitable or religious purposes.

Section 139(4B): â€¯Political parties and affiliates.

Section 139(4C): â€¯Institutions or associations such as medical institutions, news agencies and establishments, educational institutions, think tanks, and agencies involved in scientific research.

Section 139(4D): â€¯Colleges and universities, or other institution where revenue and losses are not required to be reported as per the rules laid under this section of the Act.

Aspiring Home Loan borrowers must familiarise themselves with the Indian tax norms and fill the right ITR form, as lenders require borrowers to submit their income tax returns while availing of a Home Loan. The ITR form serves as an income proof and establishes their sources of income. This allows the lender to assess a borrower's creditworthiness.

What is Income Tax Slab?

An income tax slab is a set of income levels that are taxed at a fixed rate set by the government. The income tax slab system in India determines how much tax an individual must pay based on their taxable income. The government revises the income tax slabs on a regular basis to account for changes in inflation and the cost of living.

The income tax slabs are divided into different categories, such as individual taxpayers, Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs), firms, and companies. Different tax rates apply to different levels of taxable income within each category, with higher rates applied to higher levels of income.

New Income Tax Slab for FY 2023 - 2024

According to the Union Budget for 2023, the Income Tax Slabs have undergone changes, and the basic income exemption rate has been increased from Rs.2.5 Lakh to Rs.3 Lakh. under this new tax regime.

Additionally, the upper limit for the rebate under Section 87A has been raised from Rs.5 Lakh to Rs.7 Lakh. It's important to keep up-to-date with the latest changes in the Income Tax Slabs and use an income tax calculator to accurately calculate your tax liability based on your income level and category.

Income Tax Slab

Income Tax Rate (%)

Between Rs.0 to 3,00,000


Between Rs.3,00,001 to Rs.6,00,000

5% on Income in Excess Rs.3,00,000

Between Rs.6,00,001 to 9,00,000

10% of income above 6,00,000

Between Rs.9,00,001 to Rs.12,00,000

15% on Income above Rs.9,00,000

Between Rs.12,00,001 to Rs.15,00,000

20% on Income above Rs.12.00.000

Above Rs.15,00,000

30% on oncome above Rs.1,50,000

Here Is the New Income Tax Slab for FY 2023-2024

Here are some of the differences between the old tax regime (2022-2023) and new tax regime (2023-2024):

  • The Income tax slabs have been reduced from 6 to 5.
  • The basic exemption limit has been increased from Rs.2.5 Lakh to Rs.3 Lakh.
  • Under the new tax regime, the highest surcharge rate has been reduced from 37% to 25%.
  • For salaried individuals and pensioners, a standard deduction of Rs.50,000 has been introduced beginning in fiscal year 2023-24.
  • The tax rebate under Section 87A has been increased from Rs.5 Lakh to Rs.7 Lakh of taxable income. The tax rebate has been increased from Rs.12,500 to Rs.25,000.

Income Tax Slab Rates for New VS Old Tax Regime.

Old Tax Slabs

Old Income Tax Rates

New Tax Slabs

New Income Tax Rates

Upto Rs.2.5 Lakh


Upto Rs.3 Lakh


Rs.2.5 lakh to Rs.5 lakh


Rs 3 lakh to  Rs 6 lakh


Rs.5 lakh to Rs.10 Lakh


Rs 6 lakh to Rs 9 lakh


Above 10 Lakhs


Rs 9 lakh to Rs 12 lakh




Rs 12 lakh to Rs 15 lakh




Above Rs 15 lakh


Which ITR Form to Use for a Home Loan.

Individuals who plan on filing an ITR for their Home Loan must select the ITR-1 form (also known as the SAHAJ form). It applies to salaried and professional borrowers repaying their Home Loans for a self-occupied property.

The form allows you to claim the Home Loan tax benefit of up to Rs.1.5 Lakh on the principal repayment, stamp duty and registration charges. One can also be eligible for deductions worth Rs.2 Lakhs on interest repaid annually under Section 24. 

What Is Section 24 of the Income Tax Act?

Section 24 of the Income Tax Act, 1961 allows individuals to claim tax exemptions on the interest component of their Home Loans. The maximum deduction limit for the same is Rs. 1,50,000. One does not necessarily have to reside in the property to claim tax deductions. Deductions from income from house property are taken into account under certain circumstances, such as if the property is rented out or if an individual owns multiple properties. Use an Income tax calculator to calculate how much income tax you are liable to pay.

There are 3 main categories of deductions under Section 24 of the Income Tax Act, as listed below:

1. Standard Deductions

This allows for a 30% deduction on your Net Annual Value. Net Annual Value is Gross Annual Value Minus Municipal taxes like property tax, sewerage tax and so on. Where, Gross Annual Value is the higher of expected rent or actual rent received. Naturally, the Net Annual Value of a self-occupied house will be Zero and so will be the Standard Deduction.

2. Deduction on Interest on Housing Loan Under Section 24

Section 24 allows for deduction on the interest component of Home Loan up to Rs 2,00,000 in a financial year. The loan must be used to acquire, construct, repair, renew or reconstruct the property. The property must be acquired within 5 years from the day the loan was availed. The deduction is not applicable on any brokerage or commission paid to any middlemen or agents. The deduction is applicable on self-occupied or vacant properties only. For rented properties, the entire amount of interest is allowed as deduction without limit.

3. Municipal Deduction

One should pay an annual municipal tax to the government which is subtracted from the Gross Annual Value to obtain the property’s Net Annual Value. House owners who have paid the municipal tax in a given financial year can claim a deduction on municipal tax on that year.

Income Tax Benefits for a House Loan

Your Home Loan not only helps you secure the funds you need to buy a residential property of your choice, it also enables you to receive income tax rebates and exemptions. The Government of India extends these Home Loan tax benefits to incentivise and boost property purchase across the country. To ensure that you apply under the correct tax provision, you should know the different parameters that make you eligible for exemption.

One should identify which components of their Home Loans can be taxed and which can be eligible for a rebate. Simply put, you can avail of an exemption on your Home Loan principal and the interest payments under Section 80C and Section 24(B). Here is a glimpse of all the tax rebates offered on Home Loans before we go into further details.

Income Tax Rebate on Home Loan under Different Sections

Deduction Applicable on

Income Tax Section

Maximum Deduction (in Rs.)/p.a.


Home Loan Principal


1.5 Lakh

A residential property bought through a Home Loan cannot be sold within the first 5 years of possession.

Home Loan Interest


2 Lakh

The funds procured through a Home Loan must be used for the purchase or construction of a residential property, and the construction must be completed within 5 years from the end of the financial year, in which the loan amount was disbursed.

Home Loan Interest



The funds procured through a Home Loan cannot exceed Rs.35 Lakh, and the value of the property cannot exceed Rs.50 Lakh.

Stamp Duty Charges


1.5 Lakh

The stamp duty calculated on the property has to be claimed within the same year in which the expense was incurred.

Joint Home Loan Principal and Interest

80C and 24B

1.5 to 2 Lakh

The tax benefits on a Joint Home Loan can be availed by all, only if they are also the joint owners of the property. Alongside that, beneficiaries must also contribute toward the Home Loan repayment as a co-applicant.
Note that tax benefits can be claimed only in the year in which the construction of the property has been completed.

Deductions on Interest Paid on Housing loan

Following are the ways in which you can save your Income Tax payable, on your Home Loan interest payments every year:

Section 24B

  • The interest claimed under Section 24B can go up to Rs.2 Lakh for self-occupied properties.
  • The interest paid on a Home Loan for a rented residential property can be claimed without any upper limit; claims can only go up to only Rs.2 Lakh under ‘Housing Properties’ in a year
  • The interest claimed under Section 24B has to be calculated on an accrual basis, which means that even if you don’t actually pay the amount that year (in case of a moratorium), you can still claim the amount as a deduction.
  • Joint Home Loan Borrowers can claim a rebate of up to Rs.2 Lakh each, provided they contribute to the EMI payments, and are the co-owners of the property.
  • A certificate detailing the Home Loan interest calculations from the lender is mandatory to claim the deductions.
  • In the case of an under-construction property, the construction work must be completed within 5 years of borrowing the Home Loan amount.
  • Interest deductions on an under-construction property can begin from the year the construction has ended.
  • The interest deduction will be restricted to Rs. 30,000 if the construction of the property is not completed within the first 5 years of borrowing the Home Loan.

Note that homebuyers who have funded the purchase of their property out of their own pocket are also eligible for claims under Section 24B (not applicable on self-occupied properties).

Section 80EE

  • Tax benefits under Section 80EE can be claimed only after exhausting the interest waivers under Section 24B.
  • The Home Loan interest rebates under 80EE can be claimed by first-time homebuyers only.
  • The Home Loan amount cannot exceed a valuation of Rs.35 Lakh, and the property’s value cannot exceed Rs.50 lakhs.

Things You Must Keep in Mind Before Opting for the New Tax Slab

Here are a few things that you must keep in mind before opting to pay the income tax under the new tax slab (2023-2024):

  • The new tax regime may affect the exemptions and deductions to which you are entitled. Make certain you understand how the new regime will affect your exemptions and deductions.
  • If you are an individual or a member of a Hindu Undivided Family (HUF) and do not have any business income, you can exercise the option on or before for each previous year.
  • As a taxpayer, once you select the next tax regime, you cannot switch to another option during the year.
  • The new tax regime may affect the exemptions and deductions to which you are entitled. Make certain you understand how the new regime will affect your exemptions and deductions.
  • It is crucial to calculate your tax liability under both the old and new tax regimes to determine which is more beneficial to you as the new tax slab may lead to a decrease or increase in your tax liability.

Conditions for Opting New Tax Regime

To be eligible for the lower income tax rates under the new regime, the following conditions must be met by the individual or HUF's total income:

  • No business income is included.
  • No exemptions or deductions from the Income Tax Act are taken into account.
  • Losses, including carry forward and depreciation-related losses, are not offset.
  • Capital losses from the sale of house property cannot be deducted.
  • No exemptions or deductions for allowances or perquisites from any other law are taken into account.